Born on 24 May 1819, Queen Victoria was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1937 until her death on 22 January 1901. Following her death, her birthday was made by law to be known as Victoria Day. In 1952, the official celebration was moved to the Monday proceeding the Queen’s birthday, giving everyone a long weekend. Today, Victoria Day is a holiday celebrated throughout most of Canada.
Her Reign of 63 years and seven months is known as the Victorian era. It was a period of industrial, cultural, political, scientific and military change within the United Kingdom, and was marked by a great expansion of the British Empire.